Diabetes symptoms fall into 2 categories, hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia . Most of the time one is able to keep their blood sugars in optimal ranges, but a diabetic will need to frequently test their their blood sugars if it is too high or too low because you will not be able to feel the diabetes symptoms all the time.
Hypoglycemia (Low Blood Sugar) - This is a condition that happens when your blood sugar falls too low and comes with its own set of diabetes symptoms.
Symptoms of hypoglycemia will include the following
- Fast heartbeat
- impaired vision
- weakness and fatigue
When you have these diabetes symptoms
Test your blood sugar to see if its below the targeted ranges. If it is then there are a few steps you need to take treat the Low. If you cant test, please treat the low anyway.
- Eat or drink up to 15 grams of fast acting sugar in form of glucose pills, 4oz fruit juice or regular soda (not diet), 8 oz fat free milk or 1 tbsp of sugar. Do not take more than that or your blood sugar will go too high.
- Wait 15 minutes then retest your blood sugars
- if you still have a low blood sugars then repeat steps 1 and 2 above
- Once your blood sugars go back up to targeted ranges then you should eat a snack or your regularly scheduled meal if its time.
- Call your doctor if you experience regular lows or your diabetes symptoms persist because you might have to change your medications.
Hyperglycemia - This is a condition that happens When your blood sugar is too high and it comes with its own set of diabetes symptoms.
- Extreme thirst
- Frequent Urination
- Dry skin
- Blurred vision
- Sudden weightloss
- wounds and skin infections that don’t heal.
- Feeling tired.
When you have these Diabetes symptoms
Test your blood sugar to see if it is higher than the normal ranges. If it is, you can treat your diabetes symptoms with the following:
- Drink sugar-free,caffeine-free liquids such as water, diet soda or herbal tea
- If you take Insulin then follow your prescription guidelines for taking extra units
- If your blood sugar is under 250 then physical activity may help lower it.
- Test every 2-4 hrs and if your blood sugar hasn’t come down or your diabetes symptoms persist then consult a doctor.